Trust Protector: Balancing Family Involvement and Security in Trust Management

When I decided to set up a trust, it was a big step towards securing my family’s future. I’ve chosen my three children to be the trustees, a decision that fills me with both pride and a bit of apprehension. They’re capable, no doubt, but trust management can be tricky. That’s why I’m thinking of adding a trust protector to the mix; it’s like having a safety net in place.

The Family Dynamic and Trust Management

Having my children manage our family wealth is more than just a practical decision; it’s a way to instill responsibility and keep the family legacy alive. But let’s be real: even in the best families, disagreements happen, and expertise varies. This is where the role of a trust protector becomes crucial.

What does a trust protector do?

Think of a trust protector as an independent umpire in the game of trust management. They’re not there to run the show but to make sure it runs smoothly, especially when the trustees are your own children.

Their Key Responsibilities:

1. Keeping an Eye on Things: They monitor my children’s decisions as trustees, ensuring everything aligns with the trust’s goals and has the beneficiaries’ best interests in mind.

2. Peacekeeper: If disputes arise, the Trust Protector steps in to mediate and find fair solutions.

3. Adapting to Change: They can tweak the trust’s terms to suit changing laws or family situations.

4. Making the Tough Calls: If needed, they can even replace a trustee to keep things on track.

Why do I need a trust protector?

1. Balanced Management: It’s about striking the right balance between my children’s involvement and professional oversight.

2. Beneficiary Protection: The Trust Protector ensures that all decisions are fair and in the best interest of everyone involved.

3. Flexibility for the Future: They help the trust evolve with changing times and needs.

4. Expert Guidance: They bring the legal and financial savvy that my children might not have yet.

Choosing the Right Trust Protector

This is a big decision. The ideal trust protector should be someone with common sense, reasonable knowledge of legal and financial matters, integrity, and the ability to provide balance and clarity, which would fit the bill perfectly.

Understanding the Limits of a Trust Protector’s Powers

A recent case from the Bermuda Court of Appeal really put things into perspective regarding the powers of a trust protector. It revolved around the X Trusts and whether a Trust Protector’s role should be narrow (in other words, just ensuring trustees make proper decisions) or have a wider remit, meaning having more power in decision-making.

The court concluded that their role is “narrow.” This means the Trust Protector is there to ensure trustees are on the right path, not to walk it for them.

This ruling, argued effectively by Brian Green KC and Anna Littler, was a game-changer, clarifying that a trust protector’s job is to oversee, not overrule, unless the trust explicitly states otherwise.

In a “narrow” role, the fiduciary protector just checks if the trustees are making proper decisions. But in a “wide” role, the protector has more power and can independently decide whether the trustees’ decisions should go ahead, even if those decisions are properly made.

The Bermuda Court of Appeal, after looking at all the arguments and previous cases, decided that the role of a fiduciary protector is actually “narrow.” This means they’re more about making sure the trustees are doing their job right than having their own separate power to decide on trust matters.


The ruling in the Bermuda Court of Appeal is reassuring; previous rulings (based on little evidence) gave the Protector an almost dictatorial role. Since the main point of establishing trusts is to have an element of control over financial matters when you are no longer around, it is reassuring that previous legal decisions giving unfettered powers to protectors have been firmly stopped.

As I set up this trust, my goal is clear: to involve my children but keep things running smoothly and adaptable. By bringing in a trust protector, I’m adding an extra layer of wisdom and oversight, ensuring that the trust is managed wisely and in line with my wishes, both now and in the future.

Wills Tax & Trusts Ltd

Interested in ensuring your trust is managed effectively and aligns with your vision?

It all comes down to planning, and the best way to do that is to discuss your plans with an experienced trust advisor.

Contact us today to discuss how best to protect your beneficiaries, and we can discuss how to add an essential layer of security and expertise to your trust management strategy.

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Picture of Ray Best

Ray Best

Like his academic development, writing came late to Ray. He has written several published works, “Inheritance Tax Planning – My Way” and “Shareholder Protection & Partnership Protection” and has had four feature articles published in Tax Adviser magazine, but the publication he is most noted for is the joint collaboration with Tony Granger “Inheritance Tax Simplified”.

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